Ulysses.Dijon, Darantiere, September 1921].
Corrected 16-page in-4 print proofs, in sheets.
Precious set of corrected proofs of an excerpt from "Telemachus", the first chapter of the novel.It is a 16-page booklet, from the last proofs printed in September 1921. Numbered 33 to 48, the pages correspond to pages 30 to 47 of the original edition.
From the first proof sheets, which came off the Darantiere presses in June 1921, to the final corrections to this part of the work, which Joyce handed in on 26 September 1921, the author's many additions required the printing of more than five sets of proofs.
The changes Joyce made in black ink total 24 additions and 6 corrections, all of which were included in the final version. Some additions represent several lines of text, others are limited to one or more words.
Tear at the head without loss of paper.
"For James Joyce, completion of the first fair copy was just a good beginning. After finishing the basic version of an episode or chapter, he adopted what may be called an accretive method of composition. Each successive version became a new foundation on which to erect additional superstructure. The virgin margin of copybooks, typescript pages, and proofsheets were irresistible invitations to violation. Little was changed, still less was deleted ;additionsusually flowering from seeds in his rough notes, filled those margins. Close inspection of this accretive process in any one episode, particularly in the later, more complex work, can be eminently rewarding. We may see not only how Joyce worked, but, far more important, why he worked as he did" (Richard E. Madtes, "Joyce and the Building of Ithaca", inELHvol. 34, n° 4, 1964).
Scholars now estimate that nearly a third of the text ofUlysses was composed on proofs.
(See Luca Crispi's chronology "Manuscript Timeline 1905-1922" inGenetic Joyce Studies, 2004.)