Rare salade « à la vénitienne », celata alla... - Lot 47 - Pierre Bergé & Associés

Lot 47
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Rare salade « à la vénitienne », celata alla... - Lot 47 - Pierre Bergé & Associés
Rare salade « à la vénitienne », celata alla VeneZiana, d'un modèle caractéristique faisant partie de la trouvaille de pièces d'armures dans la forteresse vénitienne de Chalcis, vers 1450. A rare Venetian sallet, celata alla VeneZiana, of the type included in the hoard of armour discovered in the Venetian frontier fortress of Chalcis, circa 1450 with hemispherical skull formed in one piece, rising to a low medial ridge over the crown, cut out over the eyes to form a Y-shaped face-opening, the base encircled by a band of rivet holes, fitted with a characteristically overlapping lower section (later), the latter correctly attached by a row of domed rivets. H: 27 cm - L: 25.2 cm - W.: 19.8 cm - Wt.: 2110 g. Chalcis is a former Venetian fortress on the Greek island of Negroponte (today Euboea) in the Aegean Sea. It was a port of call of Crusaders on their way from Venice to the Holy Land but it was taken by in 1470 Sultan Mahomet II (the Conqueror). In 1840 the collapse of a wall revealed a vault chamber containing linen sacks with helmets, body armour, weapons and jewellery, most certainly hidden shortly before the fortress fell to the Turks. The Chalcis hoard of Medieval European armour was brought to Athens by command of King Otto I of Greece (r. 1833-1862) and was studied by the renowned historian Jean Alexandre Buchon who published his work in 1841 and 1843. The American collector Bashford Dean bought many pieces in 1919-20 and a part of this group is in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York; 87 further pieces remain in the National Historical Museum, Athens. Claude Blair suggested that such helmets are Eastern Mediterranean and possibly made in Ragusa (today Dubrovnik), a centre of armour production in the Middle Ages. Very few complete helmets of the Chalcis type are recorded and most of them are in museums. A closely comparable example is in the Kienbusch collection, Philadelphia (1977-167-52) and another is in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York (29.158
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